How is the periodontal health of women affected by factors such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and post-menopause? In today’s blog post, we’ll look at how gum disease impacts women.
Puberty: Due to rising levels of sex hormones like progesterone and possibly estrogen, blood circulation to the gums is increased, causing sensitivity and greater likelihood of reaction to irritation. During puberty, gums can appear swollen, reddened, and can feel tender.
Menstruation: Menstruation gingivitis impacts some women during their menstrual cycle. Bleeding gums, redness and swelling of the gums, and sores inside the cheeks can accompany the menstrual cycle in women who suffer from this condition. Bouts of menstruation gingivitis often occur just before the period begins and stops once the period has started.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy may carry the risk factor of periodontal disease, according to some studies. More research is needed to explore the link between periodontal disease and negative pregnancy outcomes. Any infection is a cause for concern in pregnant women. The American Academy of Periodontology recommends a periodontal evaluation for women who are considering pregnancy.
Menopause and Post-Menopause: Menopause and post-menopause may bring about changes in the mouth. Menopausal and post-menopausal women may experience discomfort including dry mouth, pain in the gums, burning in the gums, and even changes in taste, especially things that are salty, sour, or peppery. Menopausal gingivostomatitis may affect some women. The small percentage of women who suffer from this condition may experience dry or shiny gums which bleed easily and appear different than healthy gums by being abnormally pale or abnormally deep in color.
If you are suffering from any of these issues, talk to your periodontist.
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