What are some of the causes of periodontal disease?
Treating periodontal disease falls into our range of periodontal services. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, may arise from a number of factors ranging from smoking to genetics. Our periodontist is experienced in treating periodontal disease arising from these factors. Today, we’ll take a look at some of the common causes of periodontal disease.
Plaque and pathogenic bacteria: Periodontal disease can be caused when bacteria in plaque accumulates between the gums and teeth. As bacteria grows, the gums surrounding the tooth become inflamed.
Smoking: In addition to causing a number of other health problems, smoking can contribute to periodontal disease. In addition to being linked with cancer, heart disease, and lung disease among other serious health problems, tobacco use puts patients at a more significant risk of periodontal disease. In fact, research shows that use of tobacco products “may be one of the most significant risk factors in the development and progression of periodontal disease.” (Source)
Genetics: Genetic factors can contribute to a person’s likelihood of developing periodontal disease. Some people, it seems may simply be at a greater genetic risk of developing periodontal disease. Sometimes, even despite the best oral hygiene, patients with these genetic factors may simply be more likely to develop the disease. A genetic test is used to identify these patients before signs of the disease present themselves, allowing early interventions to be performed.
Stress: Stress can be a contributing factor towards a patient developing periodontal disease. Beyond being linked to many other conditions as serious as cancer and hypertension, stress can also be a risk factor for periodontal disease, as it can make it more difficult for the body to fight off infection.
Medications: Medications may also play a roll when it comes to the development of periodontal disease. Oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and some heart medicines can affect oral health. It is important that you notify your oral surgeon or periodontist of any medications you may be taking as well as any health issues you may be dealing with.
Grinding teeth: The habit of clenching or grinding one’s teeth can also lead to periodontal disease. By putting excess force on the tissues that support the teeth, periodontal tissues are destroyed at a greater rate.
Systemic diseases (diabetes, heart disease, etc.): Diseases that affect the body’s inflammatory system, ones such as diabetes, hearth disease, and other systemic diseases can also contribute to a patient developing periodontal disease.
How do you prevent periodontal disease?
If periodontal disease is left untreated, inflammation can cause the gums and bone structure beneath to deteriorate, leading to gum recession or even tooth loss. Additionally, research shows that periodontal disease may also be associated with diabetes and heart disease, among other conditions.
Periodontal disease is preventable, however. Making the following habits a part of your daily routine can help prevent gum disease.
Be aware of your risk factors. A person’s age, smoking status, and genetics all factor into their risk for periodontal disease. If you fall into a one of these risk categories, be sure to mention it to your periodontist.
Make a habit of always brushing your teeth. Brushing after meals is a reliable way to remove plaque buildup around your gumline. Including your tongue in your brushing routine will also help to target bacteria.
Flossing regularly. Flossing at least once a day removes food particles and plaque buildup between the teeth and the gumline that simply brushing cannot eliminate.
Using mouthwash. Swishing with mouthwash can help reduce plaque and debris that were missed during brushing and flossing.
Visit a periodontist. Seeing a periodontist regularly is an essential part of maintaining the health of your gums. A periodontist can identify symptoms of periodontal disease early on, ensuring the longevity of your teeth and gums. If you are concerned about your gum health, you can meet with our periodontist at our locations in Palm Harbor, Trinity, or Spring Hill, Florida.
Call us today at 1-800-NEW-LOOK or reach out to us using the contact form below.
Call us today at 1-800-NEW-LOOK (Outside Florida: 727-877-0011) to learn more about the cost of dental implants or use the contact form below to reach out to us. We have locations in Palm Harbor, Trinity, and Spring Hill for your convenience.